Command-Line Interface (CLI)
Pinot provides a rich CLI to perform almost every operation on the cluster. You can execute all the commands using the pinot-admin.sh . The script is located in the bin/ directory of the Pinot binary distribution or /opt/pinot/bin in docker container.
The following commands are supported by the admin script.

Add Schema

Upload the schema configuration to controller. If their is already a schema with same name, it will be updated.
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pinot-admin.sh AddSchema -schemaFile /path/to/schema.json -controllerHost localhost -controllerPort 9000 -exec
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Supported Options

All the options should be prefixed with - (hyphen)
Option
Description
schemaFile
path to schema JSON file mentioned in table configuration.
controllerHost
controllerHost on which to send the upload requests
controllerPort
controllerPort on which to send the upload requests
exec
If not specified, a dry run will be done but configs won't actually be uploaded.

Add Table

Upload the table configuration to controller.
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pinot-admin.sh AddTable -tableConfigFile /path/to/table.json -schemaFile /path/to/schema.json -controllerHost localhost -controllerPort 9000 -exec
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Supported Options

All the options should be prefixed with - (hyphen)
Option
Description
tableConfigFile
path to JSON file containing Table configuration.
schemaFile
path to schema JSON file mentioned in table configuration.
controllerHost
controllerHost on which to send the upload requests
controllerPort
controllerPort on which to send the upload requests
exec
If not specified, a dry run will be done but configs won't actually be uploaded.

Add Tenant

Add a new tenant to the server
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pinot-admin.sh AddTenant -name myTenant -role SERVER -instanceCount 10 -controllerHost localhost -controllerPort 9000 -exec
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Supported Options

All the options should be prefixed with - (hyphen)
Option
Description
controllerHost
controllerHost on which to send the upload requests
controllerPort
controllerPort on which to send the upload requests
name
name of the tenant
role
where the tenant should reside. can be BROKER or SERVER
instanceCount
total number of instances to assign to this tenant
offlineInstanceCount
(only applicable for SERVER) total number of instances which can host offline tables belonging to this tenant
realTimeInstanceCount
(only applicable for SERVER)total number of instances which can host realtime tables belonging to this tenant
exec
If not specified, a dry run will be done but configs won't actually be uploaded.

Check Offline Segment Intervals

Lists all the segments which have invalid time interval. Only OFFLINE segments are supported.
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pinot-admin.sh CheckOfflineSegmentIntervals -zkAddress localhost:2181 -clusterName PinotCluster -tableName myTable
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Supported Options

All the options should be prefixed with - (hyphen)
Option
Description
zkAddress
comma seperated host:port string of zookeeper to connect
clusterName
name of the cluster to connect to. It can be thought of as a namespace inside zookeeper.
tableName
Comma separated list of tables to check for invalid segment intervals. By default all tables are checked.

Change Num Replicas

This command changes the replicas of the table. The number of replicas are set from the latest available table config.
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pinot-admin.sh ChangeNumReplicas -tableName myTable -clusterName PinotCluster -zkAddress localhost:2181 -exec
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Supported Options

All the options should be prefixed with - (hyphen)
Option
Description
zkAddress
comma seperated host:port string of zookeeper to connect
clusterName
name of the cluster to connect to. It can be thought of as a namespace inside zookeeper.
tableName
name of the table on which to perform operation
exec
If not specified, a dry run will be done but configs won't actually be uploaded.

Change Table State

Enable, Disable or Drop the table available in database.
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pinot-admin.sh ChangeTableState -tableName myTable -state disable -controllerHost localhost -controllerPort 9000 -exec
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Supported Options

All the options should be prefixed with - (hyphen)
Option
Description
controllerHost
controllerHost on which to send the upload requests
controllerPort
controllerPort on which to send the upload requests
tableName
name of the table to modify
state
can be one of enable , disable or drop

Create Segment

Create segment files from the input file in local filesystem.
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pinot-admin.sh CreateSegment -dataDir /path/to/data/dir -format CSV -outDir /path/to/output/dir -overwrite -tableConfigFile /path/to/table.json -schemaConfigFile /path/to/schema.json
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Supported Options

All the options should be prefixed with - (hyphen)
Option
Description
dataDir
Directory containing input files
format
Input data formats. See Input formats for all the supported formats
outDir
Local output directory to publish the segments
overwrite
Set to true to overwrite segments of already present in the directory
tableConfigFile
Path to Table Config
schemaFile
Path to Schema Config
readerConfigFile
properties file containing the config related to the reader. See Input formats
retry
Number of retry attempts in case of failure
postCreationVerification
Set true to verify the segment files post creation.
numThreads
Number of threads to use to execute the segment creation job

Convert Pinot Segment

Convert the segment file from Pinot specific format to other data formats. Currently only CSV, AVRO and JSON are supported.
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pinot-admin.sh ConvertPinotSegment -dataDir /path/to/data/dir -outputDir /path/to/output/dir -outputFormat CSV -overwrite -csvDelimiter ,
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Supported Options

All the options should be prefixed with - (hyphen)
Option
Description
dataDir
directory containing the segment files. Only local filePaths are supported
outputDir
directory to put the converted segment files in.
outputFormat
format to output the files in. Can be one of CSV, AVRO or JSON
overwrite
set it to overwrite the files if already present in output directory
csvDelimiter
delimiter to use for CSV files. only applicable to CSV
csvListDelimiter
delimiter to use for list/array in CSV files. only applicable to CSV
csvWithHeader
set to print CSV header in output file. Default is false.

Delete Cluster

Delete the cluster namespace from zookeeper.
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pinot-admin.sh DeleteCluster -clusterName PinotCluster -zkAddress localhost:2181
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All the options should be prefixed with - (hyphen)
Option
Description
clusterName
name of the cluster to delete
zkAddress
Comma seperated host:port list of zookeeper from which to delete the cluster namespace

Launch Data Ingestion Job

Run job to consume batch or streaming data and push it to Pinot.
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pinot-admin.sh LaunchDataIngestionJob -jobSpecFile /path/to/job_spec.json -propertyFile /path/to/job.properties -values dt=2020-08-10 hour=15
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Supported Options

All the options should be prefixed with - (hyphen)
Option
Description
jobSpecFile
Path to job spec file. Only local file paths are supported
propertyFile
Path to properties file. This file can contain properties related to ingestion job or template paramaters
values
list of string containing the values to replace template parameters with

Merge Segments

Merge multiple segment files into a single file. The content of the files is concatenated although the support for Rollup merge is in WIP.
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pinot-admin.sh MergeSegments -inputPaths /path/to/dir1 /path/to/dir2 -outputPath /path/to/output/dir -tarOutputSegment -tableConfigFilePaths /path/to/table.json -schemaFilePath /path/to/schema.json
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Supported Options

All the options should be prefixed with - (hyphen)
Option
Description
inputPaths
input segment files or directories that contains input segments to be merged"
ouptutPath
directory in which merged segment file should be put. This should be different from working directory.
tableConfigFilePaths
path to table config for which segments are to be merged
schemaFilePath
path to schema of the table for which segment should be merged
tarOutputSegment
set it to output the compressed .tar.gz segment file
mergeType
can be one of CONCATENATE or ROLLUP. Currently on CONCATENATE is supported
workingDirectory
Path for working directory. This directory gets cleaned up after the job. Default is /tmp directory

Move Replica Group

Command to migrate a subset of replica group from current servers to the provided destination servers. This command is intended to be run multiple times to migrate all the replicas of a table to the destination servers (if intended).
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pinot-admin.sh MoveReplicaGroup -zkHost localhost:2181 -cluster PinotCluster -srcHosts host1,host2 -destHostsFile /path/to/destination/file -tableName myTable -exec
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Supported Options

All the options should be prefixed with - (hyphen)
Option
Description
srcHosts
path of the file with all the source hosts or comma seperated list of hostnames
destHostsFile
path of the file with all the destination hosts
tableName
name of the table for which replica group is to be moved. Supports only OFFLINE tables currently
maxSegmentsToMove
maximum number of segments to move. default is Integer.MAX_VALUE
zkHost
zookeeper host:port string
cluster
name of the cluster inside zookeeper .
exec
set to execute the command. If unset, only a dry run will be done

Operate Cluster Config

Modify cluster level configs for pinot. These are the configs which are applicable to all nodes in the cluster.
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pinot-admin.sh OperateClusterConfig -controllerHost localhost -controllerPort 9000 -operation ADD -config pinot.broker.enable.query.limit.override=1
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Supported Options

All the options should be prefixed with - (hyphen)
Option
Description
operation
Type of operation to perform. Can be one of GET, ADD, UPDATE or DELETE
config
The config on which operation should be performed. In case of ADD or UPDATE, the config value is provided after =
controllerHost
The host on which to send the request
controllerPort
The port on which to send the requests

Post Query

Execute a SQL query on the cluster.
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pinot-admin.sh PostQuery -brokerHost localhost -brokerPort 8000 -queryType sql -query "SELECT * FROM myTable"
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Supported Options

All the options should be prefixed with - (hyphen)
Option
Description
brokerHost
broker host to execute the query on
brokerPort
broker port to execute the query on
queryType
can be one of sql or pql(deprecated).
query
SQL query to execute

Rebalance Table

Rebalance a table i.e. reassign instances and segments for a table in the cluster.
For segment reassignment, the following modes are offered:
    With-downtime rebalance: the IdealState is replaced with the target segment assignment in one go and there are no guarantees around replica availability. This mode returns immediately without waiting for ExternalView to reach the target segment assignment. Disabled tables will always be rebalanced with downtime.
    No-downtime rebalance: care is taken to ensure that the configured number of replicas of any segment are available (ONLINE or CONSUMING) at all times. This mode returns after ExternalView reaching the target segment assignment. In the edge case scenarios mentioned later, if best-efforts is disabled, rebalancer will fail the rebalance because the no-downtime contract cannot be achieved, and table might end up in a middle stage. User needs to check the rebalance result, solve the issue, and run the rebalance again if necessary. If best-efforts is enabled, rebalancer will log a warning and continue the rebalance, but the no-downtime contract will not be guaranteed. Downtime can occur in the following edge case scenarios -
      Segment falls into ERROR state in ExternalView -> with best-efforts, count ERROR state as good state.
      ExternalView has not converged within the maximum wait time -> with best-efforts, continue to the next stage
If the controller that handles the rebalance goes down/restarted, the rebalance isn't automatically resumed by other controllers
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pinot-admin.sh RebalanceTable -zkAddress localhost:2181 -clusterName PinotCluster -tableName myTable -reassignInstances -includeConsuming -downtime
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Supported Options

All the options should be prefixed with - (hyphen)
Option
Description
zkAddress
comma seperated host:port string of zookeeper to connect
clusterName
name of the cluster to connect to. It can be thought of as a namespace inside zookeeper.
tableName
name of the table on which to perform operation
reassignInstances
set to reassign instances before reassigning segments (false by default)
includeConsuming
set to reassign CONSUMING segments for real-time table (false by default)
bootstrap
set to rebalance table in bootstrap mode (regardless of minimum segment movement, reassign all segments in a round-robin fashion as if adding new segments to an empty table, false by default)
downtime
Set to allow downtime for the rebalance (false by default)
minAvailableReplicas
minimum number of replicas to keep alive during rebalance, or maximum number of replicas allowed to be unavailable if value is negative (default is 1), Only applicable if downtime is set to false
bestEfforts
set to use best-efforts to rebalance i.e. not fail the rebalance when the no-downtime contract cannot be achieved, false by default

Start Broker

Start a broker instance on host
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pinot-admin.sh StartBroker -zkAddress localhost:2181 -clusterName PinotCluster -configFileName /path/to/broker.conf
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Supported Options

All the options should be prefixed with - (hyphen)
Option
Description
brokerHost
hostname of the instance on which to run the broker
brokerPort
port on which the broker should listen. Default 8099.
zkAddress
comma seperated host:port string of zookeeper to connect
clusterName
name of the cluster to connect to. It can be thought of as a namespace inside zookeeper.
configFileName
path to properties file containing controller configs. See Broker for complete configuration

Start Controller

Start a controller instance on host
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pinot-admin.sh StartController -controllerMode helix_only -dataDir /path/to/data/dir -zkAddress localhost:2181 -clusterName PinotCluster -configFileName /path/to/controller.conf
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Supported Options

All the options should be prefixed with - (hyphen)
Option
Description
controllerMode
Should be one of dual, pinot_only or helix_only. Default is dual
controllerHost
hostname of the instance on which to run the controller
controllerPort
port on which the controller should listen. Default 9000.
dataDir
path to directory to store data. Default is java.io.tmpDir + PinotController
zkAddress
comma seperated host:port string of zookeeper to connect
clusterName
name of the cluster to connect to. It can be thought of as a namespace inside zookeeper.
configFileName
path to properties file containing controller configs. See Controller for complete configuration

Start Server

Start a server instance on host
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pinot-admin.sh StartServer -dataDir /path/to/data/dir -zkAddress localhost:2181 -clusterName PinotCluster -configFileName /path/to/server.conf
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Supported Options

All the options should be prefixed with - (hyphen)
Option
Description
serverHost
hostname of the instance on which to run the broker
serverPort
port on which the broker should listen. Default 8099.
serverAdminPort
port on which admin API should be available. Default it 8097
dataDir
directory in which to store the data
segmentDir
directory in which to download the .tar segment files temporarily
zkAddress
comma seperated host:port string of zookeeper to connect
clusterName
name of the cluster to connect to. It can be thought of as a namespace inside zookeeper.
configFileName
path to properties file containing controller configs. See Server for complete configuration

Start Service Manager

Start multiple Pinot process with all the default configuration using single command.
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pinot-admin.sh StartBroker -zkAddress localhost:2181 -clusterName PinotCluster -bootstrapServices CONTROLLER BROKER -bootstrapConfigPaths /path/to/controller.conf /path/to/broker.conf
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Supported Options

All the options should be prefixed with - (hyphen)
Option
Description
zkAddress
comma seperated host:port string of zookeeper to connect
clusterName
name of the cluster to connect to. It can be thought of as a namespace inside zookeeper.
port
set to -1 to disable, 0 to run service manager on any available port
bootstrapConfigPaths
list of Pinot config file paths. Each config file requires an extra config: pinot.service.role to indicate which service to start. The service role can be one of CONTROLLER, BROKER or SERVER
bootstrapServices
list of service roles to start with default configurations. For these roles, the default configuration will be taken even if bootstrapConfig is provided.

Show Cluster Info

Show all the available clusters namespaces along with metadata
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pinot-admin.sh ShowClusterInfo -clusterName PinotCluster -zkAddress localhost:2181
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Supported Options

All the options should be prefixed with - (hyphen)
Option
Description
zkAddress
comma seperated host:port string of zookeeper to connect
clusterName
name of the cluster to connect to. It can be thought of as a namespace inside zookeeper.
tables
tags

Stop Process

Stop all the processes of the specified types running on the host.
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pinot-admin.sh StopProcess -controller -broker -server
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Supported Options

All the options should be prefixed with - (hyphen)
Option
Description
controller
Stop all the controller processes
broker
Stop all the broker processes
server
Stop all the server processes
zookeeper
Stop all the zookeeper process. The process should have been started by pinot admin script otherwise it won't be killed.
kafka
Stop all the kafka process. The process should have been started by pinot admin script otherwise it won't be killed.

Upload Segments

Compress and upload segment files to server.
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pinot-admin.sh UploadSegment -controllerHost localhost -controllerPort 9000 -segmentDir /path/to/local/dir -tableName myTable
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Supported Options

All the options should be prefixed with - (hyphen)
Option
Description
controllerHost
hostname or ip of the controller
controllerPort
port of the controller
segmentDir
local directory containing segment files
tableName
name of the table to push the segments in

Validate Config

Validate the table configs and schema present in Zookeeper.
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pinot-admin.sh ValidateConfig -clusterName PinotCluster -zkAddress localhost:2181 -tableConfig -tableName mytable myTable2 -schema -schemaNames myschema myschema2
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Supported Options

All the options should be prefixed with - (hyphen)
Option
Description
zkAddress
comma seperated host:port string of zookeeper to connect
clusterName
name of the cluster to connect to. It can be thought of as a namespace inside zookeeper.
tableConfig
if set, table configs are validated
tableNames
space seperated list of table names. By default, all tables are validated
schema
if set, schemas are validated
schemaNames
space seperated list of schema names. By default, all schemas are validated

Validate Segment

Compares Helix Ideal state and External view for specified table prefixes.
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pinot-admin.sh ValidateSegment -tablePrefix myTable -clusterName PinotCluster -zkAddress localhost:2181
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Supported Options

All the options should be prefixed with - (hyphen)
Option
Description
zkAddress
comma seperated host:port string of zookeeper to connect
clusterName
name of the cluster to connect to. It can be thought of as a namespace inside zookeeper.
tablePrefix
prefix of the table names for which the validation should be done

Verify Cluster State

Verify if all the tables in the cluster have same Ideal State and External View.
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pinot-admin.sh VerifyClusterState -zkAddress localhost:2181 -clusterName PinotCluster -tableName myTable -timeoutSec 10
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Supported Options

All the options should be prefixed with - (hyphen)
Option
Description
zkAddress
comma seperated host:port string of zookeeper to connect
clusterName
name of the cluster to connect to. It can be thought of as a namespace inside zookeeper.
tableName
name of the table for which the validation should be done. By default, all tables are verified.
timeoutSec
timeout in seconds for the request to check the cluster state.
Last modified 1yr ago