This page describes the indexing techniques available in Apache Pinot
Apache Pinot supports the following indexing techniques:
By default, Pinot creates a dictionary-encoded forward index for each column.
There are two ways to enable indexes for a Pinot table.
Indexing is enabled by specifying the desired column names in the table configuration. More details about how to configure each type of index can be found in the respective index's section linked above or in the table configuration reference.
Indexes can also be dynamically added to or removed from segments at any point. Update your table configuration with the latest set of indexes you want to have.
For example, if you have an inverted index on the
foofield and now want to also include the
barfield, you would update your table configuration from this:
"invertedIndexColumns": ["foo", "bar"],
The updated index configuration won't be picked up unless you invoke the reload API. This API sends reload messages via Helix to all servers, as part of which indexes are added or removed from the local segments. This happens without any downtime and is completely transparent to the queries.
When adding an index, only the new index is created and appended to the existing segment. When removing an index, its related states are cleaned up from Pinot servers. You can find this API under the
Segmentstab on Swagger:
curl -X POST \
-H "accept: application/json"
The inverted index provides good performance for most use cases, especially if your use case doesn't have a strict low latency requirement.
You should start by using this, and if your queries aren't fast enough, switch to advanced indices like the sorted or star-tree index.