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File Systems

This section contains a collection of short guides to show you how to import data from a Pinot-supported file system.
FileSystem is an abstraction provided by Pinot to access data stored in distributed file systems (DFS).
Pinot uses distributed file systems for the following purposes:
  • Batch ingestion job: To read the input data (CSV, Avro, Thrift, etc.) and to write generated segments to DFS.
  • Controller: When a segment is uploaded to the controller, the controller saves it in the configured DFS.
  • Server:- When a server(s) is notified of a new segment, the server copies the segment from remote DFS to their local node using the DFS abstraction.

Supported file systems

Pinot lets you choose a distributed file system provider. The following file systems are supported by Pinot:

Enabling a file system

To use a distributed file system, you need to enable plugins. To do that, specify the plugin directory and include the required plugins:
-Dplugins.dir=/opt/pinot/plugins -Dplugins.include=pinot-plugin-to-include-1,pinot-plugin-to-include-2
You can change the file system in the controller and server configuration. In the following configuration example, the URI is s3://bucket/path/to/file and scheme refers to the file system URI prefix s3.
#CONTROLLER
pinot.controller.storage.factory.class.[scheme]=className of the pinot file system
pinot.controller.segment.fetcher.protocols=file,http,[scheme]
pinot.controller.segment.fetcher.[scheme].class=org.apache.pinot.common.utils.fetcher.PinotFSSegmentFetcher
#SERVER
pinot.server.storage.factory.class.[scheme]=className of the Pinot file system
pinot.server.segment.fetcher.protocols=file,http,[scheme]
pinot.server.segment.fetcher.[scheme].class=org.apache.pinot.common.utils.fetcher.PinotFSSegmentFetcher
You can also change the file system during ingestion. In the ingestion job spec, specify the file system with the following configuration:
pinotFSSpecs
- scheme: file
className: org.apache.pinot.spi.filesystem.LocalPinotFS