File Systems

This section contains a collection of short guides to show you how to import data from a Pinot-supported file system.

FileSystem is an abstraction provided by Pinot to access data stored in distributed file systems (DFS).

Pinot uses distributed file systems for the following purposes:

  • Batch ingestion job: To read the input data (CSV, Avro, Thrift, etc.) and to write generated segments to DFS.

  • Controller: When a segment is uploaded to the controller, the controller saves it in the configured DFS.

  • Server:- When a server(s) is notified of a new segment, the server copies the segment from remote DFS to their local node using the DFS abstraction.

Supported file systems

Pinot lets you choose a distributed file system provider. The following file systems are supported by Pinot:

Enabling a file system

To use a distributed file system, you need to enable plugins. To do that, specify the plugin directory and include the required plugins:

-Dplugins.dir=/opt/pinot/plugins -Dplugins.include=pinot-plugin-to-include-1,pinot-plugin-to-include-2

You can change the file system in the controller and server configuration. In the following configuration example, the URI is s3://bucket/path/to/file and scheme refers to the file system URI prefix s3.

#CONTROLLER[scheme]=className of the pinot file system
#SERVER[scheme]=className of the Pinot file system

You can also change the file system during ingestion. In the ingestion job spec, specify the file system with the following configuration:

  - scheme: file
    className: org.apache.pinot.spi.filesystem.LocalPinotFS

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