Filtering with IdSet
Learn how to write fast queries for looking up ids in a list of values.
A common use case is filtering on an id field with a list of values. This can be done with the IN clause, but this approach doesn't perform well with large lists of ids. In these cases, you can use an IdSet.

Functions

ID_SET

ID_SET(columnName, 'sizeThresholdInBytes=8388608;expectedInsertions=5000000;fpp=0.03' )
This function returns a base 64 encoded IdSet of the values for a single column. The IdSet implementation used depends on the column data type:
  • INT - RoaringBitmap unless sizeThresholdInBytes is exceeded, in which case Bloom Filter.
  • LONG - Roaring64NavigableMap unless sizeThresholdInBytes is exceeded, in which case Bloom Filter.
  • Other types - Bloom Filter
The following parameters are used to configure the Bloom Filter:
  • expectedInsertions - Number of expected insertions for the BloomFilter, must be positive
  • fpp - Desired false positive probability for the BloomFilter, must be positive and < 1.0
Note that when a Bloom Filter is used, the filter results are approximate - you can get false-positive results (for membership in the set), leading to potentially unexpected results.

IN_ID_SET

IN_ID_SET(columnName, base64EncodedIdSet)
This function returns 1 if a column contains a value specified in the IdSet and 0 if it does not.

IN_SUBQUERY

IN_SUBQUERY(columnName, subQuery)
This function generates an IdSet from a subquery and then filters ids based on that IdSet on a Pinot broker.

IN__PARTITIONED__SUBQUERY

IN_PARTITIONED_SUBQUERY(columnName, subQuery)
This function generates an IdSet from a subquery and then filters ids based on that IdSet on a Pinot server.
This function works best when the data is partitioned by the id column and each server contains all the data for a partition. The generated IdSet for the subquery will be smaller as it will only contain the ids for the partitions served by the server. This will give better performance.

Examples

Create IdSet

You can create an IdSet of the values in the yearID column by running the following:
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SELECT ID_SET(yearID)
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FROM baseballStats
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WHERE teamID = 'WS1'
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idset(yearID)
ATowAAABAAAAAAA7ABAAAABtB24HbwdwB3EHcgdzB3QHdQd2B3cHeAd5B3oHewd8B30Hfgd/B4AHgQeCB4MHhAeFB4YHhweIB4kHigeLB4wHjQeOB48HkAeRB5IHkweUB5UHlgeXB5gHmQeaB5sHnAedB54HnwegB6EHogejB6QHpQemB6cHqAc=
When creating an IdSet for values in non INT/LONG columns, we can configure the expectedInsertions:
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SELECT ID_SET(playerName, 'expectedInsertions=10')
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FROM baseballStats
3
WHERE teamID = 'WS1'
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idset(playerName)
AwIBBQAAAAL/////////////////////
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SELECT ID_SET(playerName, 'expectedInsertions=100')
2
FROM baseballStats
3
WHERE teamID = 'WS1'
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idset(playerName)
AwIBBQAAAAz///////////////////////////////////////////////9///////f///9/////7///////////////+/////////////////////////////////////////////8=
We can also configure the fpp parameter:
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SELECT ID_SET(playerName, 'expectedInsertions=100;fpp=0.01')
2
FROM baseballStats
3
WHERE teamID = 'WS1'
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idset(playerName)
AwIBBwAAAA/////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////9///////////////////////////////////////////////7//////8=

Filter by values in IdSet

We can use the IN_ID_SET function to filter a query based on an IdSet. To return rows for yearIDs in the IdSet, run the following:
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SELECT yearID, count(*)
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FROM baseballStats
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WHERE IN_ID_SET(
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yearID,
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'ATowAAABAAAAAAA7ABAAAABtB24HbwdwB3EHcgdzB3QHdQd2B3cHeAd5B3oHewd8B30Hfgd/B4AHgQeCB4MHhAeFB4YHhweIB4kHigeLB4wHjQeOB48HkAeRB5IHkweUB5UHlgeXB5gHmQeaB5sHnAedB54HnwegB6EHogejB6QHpQemB6cHqAc='
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) = 1
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GROUP BY yearID
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Filter by values not in IdSet

To return rows for yearIDs not in the IdSet, run the following:
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SELECT yearID, count(*)
2
FROM baseballStats
3
WHERE IN_ID_SET(
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yearID,
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'ATowAAABAAAAAAA7ABAAAABtB24HbwdwB3EHcgdzB3QHdQd2B3cHeAd5B3oHewd8B30Hfgd/B4AHgQeCB4MHhAeFB4YHhweIB4kHigeLB4wHjQeOB48HkAeRB5IHkweUB5UHlgeXB5gHmQeaB5sHnAedB54HnwegB6EHogejB6QHpQemB6cHqAc='
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) = 0
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GROUP BY yearID
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Filter on broker

To filter rows for yearIDs in the IdSet on a Pinot Broker, run the following query:
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SELECT yearID, count(*)
2
FROM baseballStats
3
WHERE IN_SUBQUERY(
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yearID,
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'SELECT ID_SET(yearID) FROM baseballStats WHERE teamID = ''WS1'''
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) = 1
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GROUP BY yearID
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To filter rows for yearIDs not in the IdSet on a Pinot Broker, run the following query:
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SELECT yearID, count(*)
2
FROM baseballStats
3
WHERE IN_SUBQUERY(
4
yearID,
5
'SELECT ID_SET(yearID) FROM baseballStats WHERE teamID = ''WS1'''
6
) = 0
7
GROUP BY yearID
Copied!

Filter on server

To filter rows for yearIDs in the IdSet on a Pinot Server, run the following query:
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SELECT yearID, count(*)
2
FROM baseballStats
3
WHERE IN_PARTITIONED_SUBQUERY(
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yearID,
5
'SELECT ID_SET(yearID) FROM baseballStats WHERE teamID = ''WS1'''
6
) = 1
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GROUP BY yearID
Copied!
To filter rows for yearIDs not in the IdSet on a Pinot Server, run the following query:
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SELECT yearID, count(*)
2
FROM baseballStats
3
WHERE IN_PARTITIONED_SUBQUERY(
4
yearID,
5
'SELECT ID_SET(yearID) FROM baseballStats WHERE teamID = ''WS1'''
6
) = 0
7
GROUP BY yearID
Copied!

Last modified 4d ago